Pre-school is one of the most important times in a child’s life, when for the first time they are on their own among others and away from their parents for longer than usual. That’s the stage when their character starts to form, communication skills are learned and different behaviours are developed. That’s why it is important that every part of their day is carefully planned to work most efficiently for their growth and needs. Most importantly, pre-schools should be places that are visually appealing to kids and where they feel safe to express themselves. Let’s have a look at what specific needs pre-schoolers have for their most qualitative development.
Psychology of pre-schoolers – Needs and solutions
It’s essential for youngsters to start forming their self-esteem – especially girls, since according to A Mighty Girl, after the age of 8 their self-esteem levels plummet. Having a good self esteem in their early years will help combat this. Team games can be a solution for building self esteem in young children as they make friends, feel supported and get a sense of achievement. Fun games such as Duck Duck Goose, Mr Wolf and Snakes & Ladders are great for this.
This is also the age at which children learn empathy and how to express their emotions. Playing games with other kids, especially ones carefully designed for their communication needs, can teach them how to interact and handle situations later on in life. The imaginary games of the children are a reflection of their perception of the real world. So putting themselves in hypothetical situations may be beneficial for children’s emotional intelligence. Check out our Today I’m Feeling playground marking and Mirror me games, perfect for these purposes.
The playground is a world of its own for pre-schoolers – with different groups and roles they give each other, they get a sense for living their own lives. This is very important for them, since this is the age they start thinking as individuals. They need to have a safe place where they can learn to make little decisions like “which game should I play”, “which children do I want to be friends with”, “is it good to say that” and so on.
Need for socialisation
It’s important for pre-schoolers do need to communicate with children their own age. They must learn that other children aren’t scary and overcome their anxiety from finding themselves in a new environment. Engaging them in a game surrounded by colours and creative designs, will allow them to forget their worries and easily find new friends.
Fantasy games and imagination
As we already mentioned, imaginary games are a big part of the life of pre-schoolers. They need to feel supported and encouraged when using their imagination. Building a colourful and well-marked playground with many games, pictures and signs will make them feel happier, but it will also boost their imagination and creativity.
Attitude towards studying
Children need to learn from a young age that learning can be fun and good for them. Some youngsters get scared or disturbed feeling like it’s something they are forced to do when they start going to pre-school. However, using fun, brightly coloured playground markings can make learning more enjoyable. Subconscious connections between studying and playing games start to form in the minds of children. When they think of studying, they will intuitively get a pleasant feeling instead of any unwillingness.
Road safety rules
Although children grow very fast, at pre-school age, they may not yet have an understanding of road safety awareness. That’s why it is important to create positive habits for crossing roads, looking left and right, and recognising various road signs. How about introducing some little crossing characters saying “Stop”, “Look”, “Listen” , a Zebra Crossing, or a whole mini version of a roadway. Such little changes to pre-school playgrounds and their awareness can better protect them in the future.
Children’s needs and problems change as they grow – but sometimes the solutions can be quite simple and very effective. Using different playground markings can really make the most of your child’s play time.